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莱索托投资环境介绍

发布时间:2022-06-17 10:06:30 文章来源:African Investments(业务四部转载)


Invest in Lesotho
Invest Lesotho

 

Country overview: Lesotho is a landlocked country located within the border of South Africa. It gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. It is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with the King sitting as the Chief of State and Prime Minister as the Head of Government.  Its capital is Maseru and has an administrative structure divided into 10 districts. It runs a bicameral legislative system which consist of the Senate and National assembly. English and Sesotho are the official languages while Christianity is the predominant religion. It has a mixed legal system of civil law influenced by the Roman-Dutch model and English common law. It has an area size of 30,355 sq km. The country’s geographical position provides investors with access to the regional market (SADC) of 16 countries with an estimated 200 million population and GDP of $600bn.

 

 

 

Demographic Information: Lesotho has an estimated population of 1.97 million comprising mostly of younger population (less than 25 years) which makes up about 50.6% of the population, those in the age bracket of 25-64 years makes up about 43.8% of the population and above 65 years age group makes up about 5.6% of the population. Average population density is estimated at 69.44 inhabitants/km2. In terms of human development indicators, it has a life expectancy of 53.0 years (Women) and 53.1 years (Men). It achieved universal primary education with a 120.90% Primary enrolment rate in 2017 and overall literacy level of 79.4% as at 2015.

 

 

 

Broad Economic Overview: Lesotho is a small economy which relies on South Africa for much of its economic activities. Its economy is driven by textile manufacturing, agriculture, remittances, and regional customs revenue.  Lesotho imports 85% of the goods it consumes from South Africa, including most agricultural input. Water and diamonds are Lesotho’s significant natural resources. It generates revenue from supplying water to South Africa (water contributes about 10% of GDP, mostly via Lesotho Highlands Water Project exports). The textile and garment industry are the country’s largest private sector employer as garments produced are usually exported to South Africa and the US. Lesotho’s economy grew at 1.0% in 2019, up from 0.4% in 2018 owing to strong mining performance and a textiles recovery in an improved global economy having achieved a modest 1.7% compound annual GDP growth in the past 5 years. Its currency is the Lesotho Loti which is pegged to the South African Rand at par through the common monetary area. Both currencies are accepted as legal tender within Leostho. Main exports include clothing, footwear, diamonds, electricity, wool and mohair, food and live animals etc. Major imports include petroleum product, foodstuff, machinery, medicine, building materials, vehicles etc.  

 

 

 

Investment Opportunities:  Implementation of reforms by the government have had positive effects on the economy. The commencement of Lesotho Highlands Water Project estimated to cost $2.3 billion is expected to boost private sector growth, improve water resources, and bring royalties from South Africa. The Southern African Development Community efforts, combined with the national governance dialogue launched in June 2018, bodes well for political stability and policy continuity. The Continental Free Trade Area and US African Growth and Opportunity Act provides a wider market beyond South Africa. Lesotho’s charming landscape and snow-covered mountain slopes, ideal for skiing, foster tourism. Investment opportunities are available in the following sector agro industry, manufacturing, renewable energy, mining, infrastructure and construction, ICT, financial services, and tourism.

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